World.- In the ephemeris of this August 2 Several important events that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: in 1990 Iraq invaded the emirate of Kuwait in a military operation that led to the Gulf War, in which a collation of 34 countries led by the United States prevailed to the Army of the dictator Saddam Hussein. After the conflict, the UN imposed a severe embargo on Iraq that produced serious social and economic disruption in the country.
What are the ephemeris of August 2?
1483.- Bull of Sixtus IV in which he names Fray Tomás de Torquemada inquisitor general of Castilla y León, a position that was later extended to Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia.
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1814.- An Indian rebel movement explodes in Cuzco that was on the verge of achieving independence from Peru.
1828.- Antonio José de Sucre resigns from the Presidency of Bolivia.
1845.- Franco-British naval forces seize the Argentine ships that were blocking Montevideo, in the war that Rosas and Oribe waged against Uruguay.
1857.- The public lighting with gas is inaugurated in Mexico City.
1858.- The British Parliament passes the Government of India Act that transferred all authority from the East India Company to the British Crown.
1872.- Manuel Pardo, founder of the Partido Civilista, becomes president of Peru.
1913.- The US elevates its Delegation in Madrid to the category of Embassy.
1921.- Spanish resistance ceases in Nador, during the war in Morocco.
1934.- Adolf Hitler assumes the presidency of the Third Reich.
1939.- Einstein sends a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt, who promoted the idea of an atomic bomb at the government level.
1940.- The Vichy Government condemns General Charles De Gaulle to death, in rebellion.
[1945.- The Potsdam Conference ends, where the heads of the great powers decide after the German surrender, their administration as well as the new world order.
1947.- The Chilean Government resigns: González Videla forms a new one with personalities without political affiliation.
1964.- North Vietnam’s first attack on the US.
1980.- 85 dead in an attack perpetrated by neo-fascists at the railway station in Bologna (Italy).
1984.- Great Britain and China reach an agreement whereby the Hong Kong colony was transferred in 1997 to the People’s Republic.
1984.- Former Argentine President Jorge Rafael Videla is sent to preventive detention by order of the Government of Raúl Alfonsín.
1991.- Argentina and Chile partially solve their pending border problems since 1902, except that of Laguna del Desierto.
1994.- Dominican President Joaquín Balaguer is declared the winner of the elections held on May 16.
1998.- Italian Marco Pantani wins the most controversial Tour de France in history due to a doping scandal carried out by French cyclists.
1999.- World premiere in Philadelphia of the movie “The Sixth Sense” starring Bruce Willis.
2000.-Vicente Fox is officially declared president of Mexico in a historic ceremony held at the headquarters of the Electoral Tribunal of the Electoral Judicial Branch of the Federation.
2002.- The Turkish Parliament approves the abolition of the death penalty in peacetime.
2005.- Apple presents its Mighty Mouse, the first multi-button usb mouse.
2011.- The Guatemalan High Risk Court condemns each of the 4 ex-military men accused of the massacre of 201 peasants (1982) to 6,060 years in prison.
2012.- Kofi Annan resigns as UN special envoy for Syria.
2016.- The president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, is registered as a candidate for a new reelection in the November elections, with his wife, Rosario Murillo, as a candidate for the Vice Presidency.
2017.- The Duke of Edinburgh, husband of the Queen of England, retires from public life at the age of 96.
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2020.- José Antonio Yépez “el Marro”, leader of the powerful Santa Rosa de Lima Cartel, is arrested in Mexico.
2020.- SpaceX’s Dragon Endeavor spacecraft returns to Earth from the International Space Agency in NASA’s first manned mission in more than a decade.
Who was born on August 2?
1802.- Nicholas P. Wiseman, English cardinal, author of the historical novel “Fabiola”.
1835.- Elisha Gray, American inventor, “father” of the music synthesizer.
1884.- Rómulo Gallegos, Venezuelan writer and politician.
1905.- Myrna Loy, American actress.
1923.- Simon Peres, Israeli politician.
1925.- Jorge Videla, military and former Argentine president.
1932.- Peter O’Toole, British actor.
1942.- Isabel Allende Llona, Chilean writer.
1969.- Angélica Rivera, actress and former first lady of Mexico.
Who died on August 2?
1921.- Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor.
1922.- Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone.
1976.- Fritz Lang, German filmmaker who went into exile in Hollywood.
1996.- Michel Debré, French politician.
1997.— William Burroughs, American writer.
2003.- Fela Kuti, Nigerian singer and songwriter.
2003.- Peter Safar, Austrian physician, inventor of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
2004.- Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer.
2016.- Ahmed Zuweil, American scientist of Egyptian origin and Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
2020.- Leon Fleiser, American pianist of Jewish origin.
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