Nowadays, referring to sitcoms on television is something recurrent, especially when there are so many offers that use the format. However, by the fifties it was a despised genre that found its position upon the arrival of the series I Love Lucy, considered the first sitcom formal history by setting the rules and conventions that continue to be used to this day.
Pioneer not only for the changes it introduced to the way of making television, but also for having a woman at the helm who fulfilled the functions of director, producer, comedian and leading actress at the same time. The Serie I Love Lucy told the details of the life of a married couple, as well as that of their funny landlords. But his recognition lies, because along the way he broke various schemes, stereotypes and proposed new ways of filming comedy for television.
The leading couple made up of the unique Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, gave life to an interracial married couple. While she was a full-fledged American, he was a naturalized Cuban who did not pronounce English correctly. They were both a real-life married couple, which is why they insisted on starring in the show together, something that represented a problem for CBS and the producers. In his vision, the public would not believe the concept of a woman of his ancestry married to a foreigner.
However, the public responded with enthusiasm and precisely one of the attractions of the program was knowing how to take advantage of the dynamics about the different roots of each one and the cultural shock that the personalities of both characters brought to the table episode by episode.
The Serie I Love Lucy He also enjoyed unprecedented success, thanks to his many contributions to the ways of filming television at the time. There were several changes that the program required for its realization. During the fifties, television was hardly broadcast live to every corner of the country. For this reason, comedy programs were filmed on kinescopes, single-camera television receivers, which were later sent to other territories, but with poor image quality.
During the time, comedy shows were produced in New York, but both Desi and Lucille, as well as the biggest sponsor of the show -a tobacco industry mogul-, they objected to the series being shot anywhere other than California. They also wanted the East Coast to have the best possible visual quality so Arnaz suggested that it be filmed with three cameras as if it were a movie or a play, which would provide an adequate and congruent image quality for all types markets.
The sitcoms back then they were shot with an audience present that responded immediately to the comedy, thus providing encouragement and motivation to the actors. Lucille was used to it, so the challenge turned into building a set that would make simultaneous multi-camera filming possible, with the audience present and with a variety of different scenarios, instantly arranged so that the action of the show flow without interruption. The result is one that is used to this day, making I Love Lucy on the sitcom pioneer who established a successful and possible way to carry out series of this type.
In addition, this sitcom was one of the first to show the indistinct use of cigarettes on camera. Philip Morris, the largest tobacco company on the entire East Coast of the United States, was the company that invested the most heavily in production. The consequence was the recurrent use of cigarettes on camera, always showing the aforementioned brand as much as possible. The problem was that Lucille Ball did not consume another brand that was not Lucky Strike, a controversy that was solved by hiding its cigarettes inside the Phillip Morris boxes.
I Love Lucy it stayed on the air for six years over six seasons. From 1951 to 1957, with 181 episodes, it became the most successful program in the United States, and was the recipient of five Emmy Awards and numerous nominations. For her part, Lucille Ball became an icon of American television and one of the most influential and wealthy women of the time.
Although the sitcoms began their journey through popular culture during the forties, it was in 1951 with the arrival of I Love Lucy which was established as a profitable and successful format, one that has remained to this day. His influence is appreciated and notorious in other programs that followed him as The Dick Van Dyke Show O Bewitched.
The series introduced physical comedy, the slapstick and ingenious word games, in a framework of themes about cultural differences and the points where the union arose. Although the marriage of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz dissolved in real life years later, the two maintained an unbreakable friendship. On some occasion Arnaz declared that the title of the program, for him, was never just a title. And it seems that for the audiences neither, because everyone loved Lucy.
Luis Angel H Mora My letter from Hogwarts never arrived, so I focused my life on the cinema. I like writing, Harry Potter, Doctor Who and the parties I get to be an astrologer. John Williams and The Killers musicalize the drama of my life.