Ephemeris of July 29, 2021

1836.- Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.

1837.- The “confiscation of Mendizábal” of ecclesiastical property begins in Spain.

1886.- Launching of the Spanish warship “Destructor” designed by the sailor Fernando Villaamil.

1899.- The Hague Agreement by which European countries agree not to use asphyxiating gases in wars.

1900.- The anarchist Breci murders the King of Italy Humberto I in Monza, who is succeeded by Victor Emmanuel III.

1907.- British Colonel Robert Baden-Powell founds the “boy scouts”.

1921.-Hitler becomes the leader of the National Party of German Workers (Nazi Party)

1937.- Spanish Civil War: Falangist Manuel Hedilla’s sentence is commuted, sentenced to death for opposing the Unification Decree issued by Franco.

1948.- Inaugurated the London Olympic Games.

1954.- “The Fellowship of the Ring” is published, the first volume of the trilogy “The Lord of the Rings” by JRR Tolkien.

1957.- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is born, dependent on the UN.

1958.- President Eisenhower signs the law creating NASA, although it did not begin to function until October 1.

1960.- NASA makes the “Apollo project” public.

1981.- Wedding of Prince Charles of England with Diana Spencer.

1987.- Margaret Thatcher and Francois Mitterrand sign in Paris the agreement for the construction of a tunnel under the English Channel, which will link Great Britain with France.

1994.- The former socialist leader and former Italian prime minister, Bettino Craxi, is sentenced to eight and a half years in prison for corruption.

1998.- The Supreme Court condemns the Interior Directorate of the first Socialist Government for organizing, authorizing and financing the kidnapping of Segundo Marey in 1983.

2000.- The former civil governor of Guipúzcoa, Juan María Jáuregui, dies in an ETA attack.

2002.- The Drug Addiction Law known as the “bottle law” that prohibits drinking alcohol on the street comes into force in Madrid.

2004.- The member of Al Qaida, Ahmed Galfan Ghailani, one of the terrorists most wanted by the FBI, is arrested in Pakistan.

2007.- The cyclist Alberto Contador becomes the fifth Spaniard to win the Tour de France.

2008.- American scientist Bruce Ivins commits suicide, suspected of being the author of the 2001 anthrax attacks in which five people died.

2014.- Umar Khan, the doctor who led the fight against Ebola in Sierra Leone, dies from the virus.

2015.-Microsoft launches Windows 10, the most recent update of its operating system.

-Some remains of the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 that disappeared on March 8, 2014 with 239 people on board, were found in the waters of the French island of Reunion, off the African coast.

– Afghanistan confirms the death of Taliban leader Mullah Omar in 2013 in a Pakistani hospital.

2019.-The Madrid City Council gives the green light to the Madrid Nuevo Norte urban project, known as Operation Chamartín, after 26 years of blockade.

BIRTHS

1841.- Gerard Hansen, Norwegian botanist and physician.

1883.- Benito Mussolini, Italian statesman.

1905.- Robert Ricci, French designer and businessman.

-Clara Bow, American actress

1906.- Juan Aparicio, Spanish journalist.

1925.- Mikis Theodorakis, Greek musician.

1928.- Alberto Oliart, former Spanish minister.

1939.- Terele Pávez, Spanish actress.

1951.- Cristina Narbona, Spanish politician.

1981.- Fernando Alonso, Spanish Formula 1 driver.

DEATHS

1856.- Robert Schumann, German composer.

1890.- Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter.

1979.- Herbert Marcuse, German philosopher.

1983.- Luis Buñuel, Spanish filmmaker.

– David Niven, British actor.

1994.- Dorothy Hodgkin, the only British woman to win a Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

2000.- René Favaloro, Argentine surgeon, inventor of the “by-pass”.

-Juan María Jáuregui, former civil governor of Guipúzcoa.

2006.-Julio Increase, poet.

2009.-Gayatri Devi, last Maharani of Jaipur (India).

2014.- María Antonia Iglesias, Spanish journalist.

2016.-José Menese, flamenco singer.

2019.-Guillermo Mordillo, Argentine cartoonist.